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Rabbit Polyclonal Anti-PCNA antibody (STJ98857)
Supplier: St John’s Laboratory Ltd.
Recommended applications: WB, ELISA
Recommended dilution: WB 1:500-2000; ELISA 1:5000-20027
Recommended protocols: check protocols
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Check alternative names for the antibodyExpand
SCBT cat No:
|Catalogue No.|| |
Human, Mouse, Rat
Anti-PCNA antibody detects endogenous levels of PCNA.
Synthesized peptide derived from Human PCNA at AA range: Internal.
|Recommended dilution|| |
WB 1:500-2000; ELISA 1:5000-20027
Anti-PCNA antibody was tube-contained in liquid in PBS containing 50% glycerol, 0.5% BSA and 0.02% sodium azide.
Anti-PCNA antibody was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen.
-20 Celsius degree. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
|Database links|| |
|Protein function|| |
Auxiliary protein of DNA polymerase delta and is involved in the control of eukaryotic DNA replication by increasing the polymerase's processibility during elongation of the leading strand. Induces a robust stimulatory effect on the 3'-5' exonuclease and 3'-phosphodiesterase, but not apurinic-apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease, APEX2 activities. Has to be loaded onto DNA in order to be able to stimulate APEX2. Plays a key role in DNA damage response (DDR) by being conveniently positioned at the replication fork to coordinate DNA replication with DNA repair and DNA damage tolerance pathways (PubMed:24939902). Acts as a loading platform to recruit DDR proteins that allow completion of DNA replication after DNA damage and promote postreplication repair: Monoubiquitinated PCNA leads to recruitment of translesion (TLS) polymerases, while 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination of PCNA is involved in error-free pathway and employs recombination mechanisms to synthesize across the lesion. .
|Involvement in disease|| |
Ataxia-telangiectasia-like disorder 2 (ATLD2) [MIM:615919]: A neurodegenerative disorder due to defects in DNA excision repair. ATLD2 is characterized by developmental delay, ataxia, sensorineural hearing loss, short stature, cutaneous and ocular telangiectasia, and photosensitivity. . Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
|Protein sequence and domain|| |
Belongs to the PCNA family.
|Protein post-translational modifications|| |
Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation at Tyr-211 by EGFR stabilizes chromatin-associated PCNA. .; Acetylated by CREBBP and p300/EP300; preferentially acetylated by CREBBP on Lys-80, Lys-13 and Lys-14 and on Lys-77 by p300/EP300 upon loading on chromatin in response to UV irradiation (PubMed:24939902, PubMed:19419956). Lysine acetylation disrupts association with chromatin, hence promoting PCNA ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation in response to UV damage in a CREBBP- and EP300-dependent manner (PubMed:24939902). Acetylation disrupts interaction with NUDT15 and promotes degradation (PubMed:19419956). .; Ubiquitinated (PubMed:24939902, PubMed:20227374). Following DNA damage, can be either monoubiquitinated to stimulate direct bypass of DNA lesions by specialized DNA polymerases or polyubiquitinated to promote recombination-dependent DNA synthesis across DNA lesions by template switching mechanisms. Following induction of replication stress, monoubiquitinated by the UBE2B-RAD18 complex on Lys-164, leading to recruit translesion (TLS) polymerases, which are able to synthesize across DNA lesions in a potentially error-prone manner. An error-free pathway also exists and requires non-canonical polyubiquitination on Lys-164 through 'Lys-63' linkage of ubiquitin moieties by the E2 complex UBE2N-UBE2V2 and the E3 ligases, HLTF, RNF8 and SHPRH. This error-free pathway, also known as template switching, employs recombination mechanisms to synthesize across the lesion, using as a template the undamaged, newly synthesized strand of the sister chromatid. Monoubiquitination at Lys-164 also takes place in undamaged proliferating cells, and is mediated by the DCX(DTL) complex, leading to enhance PCNA-dependent translesion DNA synthesis. Sumoylated during S phase. .; Methylated on glutamate residues by ARMT1/C6orf211. .
|Protein cellular localization|| |
Nucleus . Note=Colocalizes with CREBBP, EP300 and POLD1 to sites of DNA damage (PubMed:24939902). Forms nuclear foci representing sites of ongoing DNA replication and vary in morphology and number during S phase. Together with APEX2, is redistributed in discrete nuclear foci in presence of oxidative DNA damaging agents. .
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St John’s Laboratory Ltd.
|Product type|| |
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