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Rabbit Polyclonal Phospho-CDK1-T161 antibody (AP0324)
Supplier: ABclonal Inc.
Recommended applications: WB,IHC
WB 1:500 – 1:2000
IHC 1:50 – 1:100
Recommended protocols: check protocols
Click or hover above images to see image description for Rabbit Polyclonal Phospho-CDK1-T161 antibody.
Check alternative names for the antibodyExpand
CDC2 antibody; CDC28A antibody; P34CDC2 antibody;
Cdc 2 antibody|Cdc2 antibody|CDC28A antibody|CDK 1 antibody|CDK1 antibody|CDK1_HUMAN antibody|CDKN1 antibody|CELL CYCLE CONTROLLER CDC2 antibody|Cell division control protein 2 antibody|Cell division control protein 2 homolog antibody|Cell division cycle 2 G1 to S and G2 to M antibody|Cell division protein kinase 1 antibody|Cell Divsion Cycle 2 Protein antibody|Cyclin Dependent Kinase 1 antibody|Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 antibody|DKFZp686L20222 antibody|MGC111195 antibody|p34 Cdk1 antibody|p34 protein kinase antibody|P34CDC2 antibody|Anti-CDK1 antibody [A17] (ab18)
SCBT cat No: sc-54|sc-293470|sc-56261|sc-137035|sc-8395|sc-954|sc-137034|sc-271315|sc-166135|sc-166885|sc-747|sc-51578|sc-53|sc-53217|sc-517066|sc-97|sc-70823|sc-70824|
Rabbit Polyclonal Phospho-CDK1-T161 antibody
|Catalogue No.|| |
Human, Mouse, Rat
A phospho specific peptide corresponding to residues surrounding T161 of human CDK1
|Recommended dilution|| |
WB 1:500 – 1:2000<br/>IHC 1:50 – 1:100
|Molecular weight|| |
Phospho-CDK1-T161 antibody was tube-contained.
Store at -20 Celsius degree. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
|Alternative antibody names|| |
CDC2 antibody; CDC28A antibody; P34CDC2 antibody;
|Database links|| |
Human UniProt/Swiss-Prot:<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P06493">P06493</a>
|Protein names|| |
CDC2; CDC28A; P34CDC2;
|Protein function|| |
Plays a key role in the control of the eukaryotic cell cycle by modulating the centrosome cycle as well as mitotic onset; promotes G2-M transition, and regulates G1 progress and G1-S transition via association with multiple interphase cyclins. Required in higher cells for entry into S-phase and mitosis. Phosphorylates PARVA/actopaxin, APC, AMPH, APC, BARD1, Bcl-xL/BCL2L1, BRCA2, CALD1, CASP8, CDC7, CDC20, CDC25A, CDC25C, CC2D1A, CENPA, CSNK2 proteins/CKII, FZR1/CDH1, CDK7, CEBPB, CHAMP1, DMD/dystrophin, EEF1 proteins/EF-1, EZH2, KIF11/EG5, EGFR, FANCG, FOS, GFAP, GOLGA2/GM130, GRASP1, UBE2A/hHR6A, HIST1H1 proteins/histone H1, HMGA1, HIVEP3/KRC, LMNA, LMNB, LMNC, LBR, LATS1, MAP1B, MAP4, MARCKS, MCM2, MCM4, MKLP1, MYB, NEFH, NFIC, NPC/nuclear pore complex, PITPNM1/NIR2, NPM1, NCL, NUCKS1, NPM1/numatrin, ORC1, PRKAR2A, EEF1E1/p18, EIF3F/p47, p53/TP53, NONO/p54NRB, PAPOLA, PLEC/plectin, RB1, UL40/R2, RAB4A, RAP1GAP, RCC1, RPS6KB1/S6K1, KHDRBS1/SAM68, ESPL1, SKI, BIRC5/survivin, STIP1, TEX14, beta-tubulins, MAPT/TAU, NEDD1, VIM/vimentin, TK1, FOXO1, RUNX1/AML1, SIRT2 and RUNX2. CDK1/CDC2-cyclin-B controls pronuclear union in interphase fertilized eggs. Essential for early stages of embryonic development. During G2 and early mitosis, CDC25A/B/C-mediated dephosphorylation activates CDK1/cyclin complexes which phosphorylate several substrates that trigger at least centrosome separation, Golgi dynamics, nuclear envelope breakdown and chromosome condensation. Once chromosomes are condensed and aligned at the metaphase plate, CDK1 activity is switched off by WEE1- and PKMYT1-mediated phosphorylation to allow sister chromatid separation, chromosome decondensation, reformation of the nuclear envelope and cytokinesis. Inactivated by PKR/EIF2AK2- and WEE1-mediated phosphorylation upon DNA damage to stop cell cycle and genome replication at the G2 checkpoint thus facilitating DNA repair. Reactivated after successful DNA repair through WIP1-dependent signaling leading to CDC25A/B/C-mediated dephosphorylation and restoring cell cycle progression. In proliferating cells, CDK1-mediated FOXO1 phosphorylation at the G2-M phase represses FOXO1 interaction with 14-3-3 proteins and thereby promotes FOXO1 nuclear accumulation and transcription factor activity, leading to cell death of postmitotic neurons. The phosphorylation of beta-tubulins regulates microtubule dynamics during mitosis. NEDD1 phosphorylation promotes PLK1-mediated NEDD1 phosphorylation and subsequent targeting of the gamma-tubulin ring complex (gTuRC) to the centrosome, an important step for spindle formation. In addition, CC2D1A phosphorylation regulates CC2D1A spindle pole localization and association with SCC1/RAD21 and centriole cohesion during mitosis. The phosphorylation of Bcl-xL/BCL2L1 after prolongated G2 arrest upon DNA damage triggers apoptosis. In contrast, CASP8 phosphorylation during mitosis prevents its activation by proteolysis and subsequent apoptosis. This phosphorylation occurs in cancer cell lines, as well as in primary breast tissues and lymphocytes. EZH2 phosphorylation promotes H3K27me3 maintenance and epigenetic gene silencing. CALD1 phosphorylation promotes Schwann cell migration during peripheral nerve regeneration. CDK1-cyclin-B complex phosphorylates NCKAP5L and mediates its dissociation from centrosomes during mitosis (PubMed:26549230).
|Protein tissue specificity|| |
Isoform 2 is found in breast cancer tissues.
|Protein sequence and domain|| |
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CDC2/CDKX subfamily.; Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
|Protein post-translational modifications|| |
Phosphorylation at Thr-161 by CAK/CDK7 activates kinase activity. Phosphorylation at Thr-14 and Tyr-15 by PKMYT1 prevents nuclear translocation. Phosphorylation at Tyr-15 by WEE1 and WEE2 inhibits the protein kinase activity and acts as a negative regulator of entry into mitosis (G2 to M transition). Phosphorylation by PKMYT1 and WEE1 takes place during mitosis to keep CDK1-cyclin-B complexes inactive until the end of G2. By the end of G2, PKMYT1 and WEE1 are inactivated, but CDC25A and CDC25B are activated. Dephosphorylation by active CDC25A and CDC25B at Thr-14 and Tyr-15, leads to CDK1 activation at the G2-M transition. Phosphorylation at Tyr-15 by WEE2 during oogenesis is required to maintain meiotic arrest in oocytes during the germinal vesicle (GV) stage, a long period of quiescence at dictyate prophase I, leading to prevent meiotic reentry. Phosphorylation by WEE2 is also required for metaphase II exit during egg activation to ensure exit from meiosis in oocytes and promote pronuclear formation. Phosphorylated at Tyr-4 by PKR/EIF2AK2 upon genotoxic stress. This phosphorylation triggers CDK1 polyubiquitination and subsequent proteolysis, thus leading to G2 arrest. In response to UV irradiation, phosphorylation at Tyr-15 by PRKCD activates the G2/M DNA damage checkpoint.; Polyubiquitinated upon genotoxic stress.
|Protein cellular localization|| |
Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Mitochondrion. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle. Note=Cytoplasmic during the interphase. Colocalizes with SIRT2 on centrosome during prophase and on splindle fibers during metaphase of the mitotic cell cycle. Reversibly translocated from cytoplasm to nucleus when phosphorylated before G2-M transition when associated with cyclin-B1. Accumulates in mitochondria in G2-arrested cells upon DNA-damage.
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Ser/Thr protein kinase family. This protein is a catalytic subunit of the highly conserved protein kinase complex known as M-phase promoting factor (MPF), which is essential for G1/S and G2/M phase transitions of eukaryotic cell cycle. Mitotic cyclins stably associate with this protein and function as regulatory subunits. The kinase activity of this protein is controlled by cyclin accumulation and destruction through the cell cycle. The phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of this protein also play important regulatory roles in cell cycle control. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
|Research area|| |
<a href="http://antibodyplus.com/research-areas/">All research areas</a>><a href="http://antibodyplus.com/Cell-Cycle-Proteins/">Cell Cycle Proteins</a>><a href="http://antibodyplus.com/product-tag/Cdc/">Cdc</a><br><a href="http://antibodyplus.com/product-tag/Cell-Cycle-Proteins/"> (View all antibody categories related to Cell Cycle Proteins)</a>
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|Product type|| |
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