Rabbit Polyclonal Phospho-Chk2 (T68) antibody (STJ90225)

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Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications: WB, IHC, IF
Conjugation: Unconjugated
Supplier: St John’s Laboratory Ltd.

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Rabbit Polyclonal Phospho-Chk2 (T68) antibody (STJ90225)

Supplier: St John’s Laboratory Ltd.

Recommended applications: WB, IHC, ELISA

Recommended dilution: WB 1:500-1:2000; IHC 1:100-1:300; ELISA 1:20000;

Recommended protocols: check protocols

Image descriptions:

Click or hover above images to see image description for Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Polyclonal Antibody.

Alternative names:

Check alternative names for the antibody

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CHEK2 antibody, CDS1 antibody, CHK2 antibody, RAD53 antibody,|CDS 1 antibody|Cds1 antibody|Cds1 homolog antibody|Checkpoint kinase 2 antibody|Checkpoint like protein CHK2 antibody|CHEK 2 antibody|Chek2 antibody|Chk 2 antibody|CHK2 checkpoint homolog (S. pombe) antibody|CHK2 checkpoint homolog antibody|CHK2_HUMAN antibody|hCds1 antibody|HuCds 1 antibody|LFS 2 antibody|LFS2 antibody|PP1425 antibody|RAD 53 antibody|RAD53 antibody|Rad53 homolog antibody|Serine/threonine protein kinase Chk2 antibody|Serine/threonine-protein kinase Chk2 antibody|Anti-Chk2 antibody [EPR4325] (ab109413) KO Validated
SCBT cat No: sc-136251|sc-17747|sc-5278|sc-17748|sc-56296|sc-56297|sc-9064|sc-8812|sc-293293|sc-34986|

Name

Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Polyclonal Antibody

Catalogue No.

STJ90225

Reactivity

Human, Mouse, Rat

Specificity

Phospho-Chk2 (T68) Polyclonal Antibody detects endogenous levels of Chk2 protein only when phosphorylated at T68.

Immunogen

Synthesized phospho-peptide derived from Chk2 (phospho Thr68) at AA range 10-90

Host

Rabbit

Applications

WB, IHC, ELISA

Recommended dilution

WB 1:500-1:2000; IHC 1:100-1:300; ELISA 1:20000;

Clonality

Polyclonal

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Isotype

IgG

Molecular weight

61 kDa

Formulation

Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Antibody was tube-contained. Liquid in PBS containing 50% glycerol, 0.5% BSA and 0.02% sodium azide.

Concentration

1 mg/ml

Purification

Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Antibody was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen.

Storage

-20 Celsius degree. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.

Alternative antibody names

Serine/threonine-protein kinase Chk2 antibody, CHK2 checkpoint homolog antibody, Cds1 homolog antibody, Hucds1 antibody, hCds1 antibody, Checkpoint kinase 2 antibody

Database links

Human UniProt/Swiss-Prot:O96017;Mouse UniPort/Swiss-Prot: Q9Z265;Rat UniProt/Swiss-Port: Q9R019;Human Entrez Gene: 11200;Mouse Entrez Gene: 50883;Rat Entrez Gene: Rn.163213

Protein names

Serine/threonine-protein kinase Chk2 , CHK2 checkpoint homolog , Cds1 homolog , Hucds1 , hCds1 , Checkpoint kinase 2

Protein function

Serine/threonine-protein kinase which is required for checkpoint-mediated cell cycle arrest, activation of DNA repair and apoptosis in response to the presence of DNA double-strand breaks. May also negatively regulate cell cycle progression during unperturbed cell cycles. Following activation, phosphorylates numerous effectors preferentially at the consensus sequence [L-X-R-X-X-S/T]. Regulates cell cycle checkpoint arrest through phosphorylation of CDC25A, CDC25B and CDC25C, inhibiting their activity. Inhibition of CDC25 phosphatase activity leads to increased inhibitory tyrosine phosphorylation of CDK-cyclin complexes and blocks cell cycle progression. May also phosphorylate NEK6 which is involved in G2/M cell cycle arrest. Regulates DNA repair through phosphorylation of BRCA2, enhancing the association of RAD51 with chromatin which promotes DNA repair by homologous recombination. Also stimulates the transcription of genes involved in DNA repair (including BRCA2) through the phosphorylation and activation of the transcription factor FOXM1. Regulates apoptosis through the phosphorylation of p53/TP53, MDM4 and PML. Phosphorylation of p53/TP53 at ‘Ser-20’ by CHEK2 may alleviate inhibition by MDM2, leading to accumulation of active p53/TP53. Phosphorylation of MDM4 may also reduce degradation of p53/TP53. Also controls the transcription of pro-apoptotic genes through phosphorylation of the transcription factor E2F1. Tumor suppressor, it may also have a DNA damage-independent function in mitotic spindle assembly by phosphorylating BRCA1. Its absence may be a cause of the chromosomal instability observed in some cancer cells. Promotes the CCAR2-SIRT1 association and is required for CCAR2-mediated SIRT1 inhibition . / ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein. / Mg2+ / Activated through phosphorylation at Thr-68 by ATM in response to DNA double-strand breaks. Activation is modulated by several mediators including MDC1 and TP53BP1. Induces homodimerization with exchange of the T-loop/activation segment between protomers and transphosphorylation of the protomers. The autophosphorylated kinase dimer is fully active. Negatively regulated by PPM1D through dephosphorylation of Thr-68.

Protein tissue specificity

High expression is found in testis, spleen, colon and peripheral blood leukocytes. Low expression is found in other tissues.

Involvement in disease

Li-Fraumeni syndrome 2 (LFS2) [MIM:609265]: A highly penetrant familial cancer syndrome that in its classic form is defined by the existence of a proband affected by a sarcoma before 45 years with a first degree relative affected by any tumor before 45 years and another first degree relative with any tumor before 45 years or a sarcoma at any age. Other clinical definitions for LFS have been proposed (PubMed:8118819 and PubMed:8718514) and called Li-Fraumeni like syndrome (LFL). In these families affected relatives develop a diverse set of malignancies at unusually early ages. Four types of cancers account for 80% of tumors occurring in TP53 germline mutation carriers: breast cancers, soft tissue and bone sarcomas, brain tumors (astrocytomas) and adrenocortical carcinomas. Less frequent tumors include choroid plexus carcinoma or papilloma before the age of 15, rhabdomyosarcoma before the age of 5, leukemia, Wilms tumor, malignant phyllodes tumor, colorectal and gastric cancers. . Note: The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.; Prostate cancer (PC) [MIM:176807]: A malignancy originating in tissues of the prostate. Most prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas that develop in the acini of the prostatic ducts. Other rare histopathologic types of prostate cancer that occur in approximately 5% of patients include small cell carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma, prostatic ductal carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma (basaloid), signet-ring cell carcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma. . Note: Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.; Osteogenic sarcoma (OSRC) [MIM:259500]: A sarcoma originating in bone-forming cells, affecting the ends of long bones. Note: The gene represented in this entry may be involved in disease pathogenesis.; Breast cancer (BC) [MIM:114480]: A common malignancy originating from breast epithelial tissue. Breast neoplasms can be distinguished by their histologic pattern. Invasive ductal carcinoma is by far the most common type. Breast cancer is etiologically and genetically heterogeneous. Important genetic factors have been indicated by familial occurrence and bilateral involvement. Mutations at more than one locus can be involved in different families or even in the same case. . Note: Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry. .

Protein sequence and domain

Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CHK2 subfamily. / Contains 1 FHA domain. / Contains 1 protein kinase domain.

Protein post-translational modifications

Phosphorylated. Phosphorylated at Ser-73 by PLK3 in response to DNA damage, promoting phosphorylation at Thr-68 by ATM and the G2/M transition checkpoint. Phosphorylation at Thr-68 induces homodimerization. Autophosphorylates at Thr-383 and Thr-387 in the T-loop/activation segment upon dimerization to become fully active and phosphorylate its substrates like for instance CDC25C. DNA damage-induced autophosphorylation at Ser-379 induces CUL1-mediated ubiquitination and regulates the pro-apoptotic function. Phosphorylation at Ser-456 also regulates ubiquitination. Phosphorylated by PLK4. / Ubiquitinated. CUL1-mediated ubiquitination regulates the pro-apoptotic function. Ubiquitination may also regulate protein stability. Ubiquitinated by RNF8 via ‘Lys-48’-linked ubiquitination.

Protein cellular localization

Nucleus / Nucleus / Nucleus / Nucleus / Nucleus / Nucleus > PML body / Nucleus > nucleoplasm

Research area

All research areas>Cell Cycle Proteins>Chk
(View all antibody categories related to Cell Cycle Proteins)

Note

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Supplier

St John’s Laboratory Ltd.

Product type

Primary antibody

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Immunofluorescence analysis of Rat heart tissue

1: Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Polyclonal Antibody(red) was diluted at 1:200 (4 degree Celsius,overnight).
2: Cy3 labled Secondary antibody was diluted at 1:300 (room temperature, 50min).
3: Picture B: DAPI(blue) 10min. Picture A:Target. Picture B: DAPI. Picture C: merge of A+B.
 

Immunofluorescence analysis of Rat lung tissue

1: Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Polyclonal Antibody(red) was diluted at 1:200 (4 degree Celsius,overnight).
2: Cy3 labled Secondary antibody was diluted at 1:300 (room temperature, 50min).
3: Picture B: DAPI(blue) 10min. Picture A:Target. Picture B: DAPI. Picture C: merge of A+B.
 

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin embedded Human uterus tissue

1: Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Polyclonal Antibody was diluted at 1:200 (4 degree Celsius,overnight).
2: Sodium citrate pH 6.0 was used for antibody retrieval (>98 degree Celsius,20min).
3: Secondary antibody was diluted at 1:200 (room temperature, 30min). Negative control was used by secondary antibody only.
 

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin embedded Human lung tissue

1: Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Polyclonal Antibody was diluted at 1:200 (4 degree Celsius,overnight).
2: Sodium citrate pH 6.0 was used for antibody retrieval (>98 degree Celsius,20min).
3: Secondary antibody was diluted at 1:200 (room temperature, 30min). Negative control was used by secondary antibody only.
 

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin embedded Rat lung tissue

1: Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Polyclonal Antibody was diluted at 1:200 (4 degree Celsius,overnight).
2: Sodium citrate pH 6.0 was used for antibody retrieval (>98 degree Celsius,20min).
3: Secondary antibody was diluted at 1:200 (room temperature, 30min). Negative control was used by secondary antibody only.
 

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin embedded Mouse lung tissue

1: Chk2 (phospho Thr68) Polyclonal Antibody was diluted at 1:200 (4 degree Celsius,overnight).
2: Sodium citrate pH 6.0 was used for antibody retrieval (>98 degree Celsius,20min).
3: Secondary antibody was diluted at 1:200 (room temperature, 30min). Negative control was used by secondary antibody only.


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