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Rabbit polyclonal PRKCE antibody (A2110)
Supplier: ABclonal Inc.
Recommended applications: WB,IHC,ICC
WB 1:500 – 1:2000 IHC 1:50 – 1:200 ICC 1:50 – 1:200
Recommended protocols: check protocols
Click or hover above images to see image description for Rabbit polyclonal PRKCE antibody.
Check alternative names for the antibodyExpand
MGC125656 antibody, MGC125657 antibody, PKCE antibody, nPKC-epsilon antibody
KPCE_HUMAN antibody|MGC125656 antibody|MGC125657 antibody|nPKC epsilon antibody|nPKC-epsilon antibody|PKCE antibody|Pkcea antibody|PRKCE antibody|Protein kinase C epsilon antibody|Protein kinase C epsilon type antibody|Anti-PKC epsilon antibody [EPR1482(2)] (ab124806)
SCBT cat No: sc-56944|sc-214|sc-1681|sc-136036|
Rabbit polyclonal PRKCE antibody
|Catalogue No.|| |
Human, Mouse, Rat
Recombinant protein of human PRKCE
WB, IHC, ICC
|Recommended dilution|| |
WB 1:500 – 1:2000
|Molecular weight|| |
Predicted: 84kDa/Observed: Refer to Figures
PRKCE antibody was tube-contained.
PRKCE antibody was purified using affinity purification.
Store at -20 Celsius degree. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
|Alternative antibody names|| |
MGC125656 antibody, MGC125657 antibody, PKCE antibody, nPKC-epsilon antibody
|Database links|| |
|Protein names|| |
MGC125656, MGC125657, PKCE, nPKC-epsilon
|Protein function|| |
Calcium-independent, phospholipid- and diacylglycerol (DAG)-dependent serine/threonine-protein kinase that plays essential roles in the regulation of multiple cellular processes linked to cytoskeletal proteins, such as cell adhesion, motility, migration and cell cycle, functions in neuron growth and ion channel regulation, and is involved in immune response, cancer cell invasion and regulation of apoptosis. Mediates cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix via integrin-dependent signaling, by mediating angiotensin-2-induced activation of integrin beta-1 (ITGB1) in cardiac fibroblasts. Phosphorylates MARCKS, which phosphorylates and activates PTK2/FAK, leading to the spread of cardiomyocytes. Involved in the control of the directional transport of ITGB1 in mesenchymal cells by phosphorylating vimentin (VIM), an intermediate filament (IF) protein. In epithelial cells, associates with and phosphorylates keratin-8 (KRT8), which induces targeting of desmoplakin at desmosomes and regulates cell-cell contact. Phosphorylates IQGAP1, which binds to CDC42, mediating epithelial cell-cell detachment prior to migration. In HeLa cells, contributes to hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced cell migration, and in human corneal epithelial cells, plays a critical role in wound healing after activation by HGF. During cytokinesis, forms a complex with YWHAB, which is crucial for daughter cell separation, and facilitates abscission by a mechanism which may implicate the regulation of RHOA. In cardiac myocytes, regulates myofilament function and excitation coupling at the Z-lines, where it is indirectly associated with F-actin via interaction with COPB1. During endothelin-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, mediates activation of PTK2/FAK, which is critical for cardiomyocyte survival and regulation of sarcomere length. Plays a role in the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy via persistent phosphorylation of troponin I (TNNI3). Involved in nerve growth factor (NFG)-induced neurite outgrowth and neuron morphological change independently of its kinase activity, by inhibition of RHOA pathway, activation of CDC42 and cytoskeletal rearrangement. May be involved in presynaptic facilitation by mediating phorbol ester-induced synaptic potentiation. Phosphorylates gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2 (GABRG2), which reduces the response of GABA receptors to ethanol and benzodiazepines and may mediate acute tolerance to the intoxicating effects of ethanol. Upon PMA treatment, phosphorylates the capsaicin- and heat-activated cation channel TRPV1, which is required for bradykinin-induced sensitization of the heat response in nociceptive neurons. Is able to form a complex with PDLIM5 and N-type calcium channel, and may enhance channel activities and potentiates fast synaptic transmission by phosphorylating the pore-forming alpha subunit CACNA1B (CaV2.2). In prostate cancer cells, interacts with and phosphorylates STAT3, which increases DNA-binding and transcriptional activity of STAT3 and seems to be essential for prostate cancer cell invasion. Downstream of TLR4, plays an important role in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immune response by phosphorylating and activating TICAM2/TRAM, which in turn activates the transcription factor IRF3 and subsequent cytokines production. In differentiating erythroid progenitors, is regulated by EPO and controls the protection against the TNFSF10/TRAIL-mediated apoptosis, via BCL2. May be involved in the regulation of the insulin-induced phosphorylation and activation of AKT1.
|Protein sequence and domain|| |
The C1 domain, containing the phorbol ester/DAG-type region 1 (C1A) and 2 (C1B), is the diacylglycerol sensor and the C2 domain is a non-calcium binding domain.Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. PKC subfamily.; Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain.; Contains 1 C2 domain.; Contains 2 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc fingers.; Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
|Protein post-translational modifications|| |
Phosphorylation on Thr-566 by PDPK1 triggers autophosphorylation on Ser-729. Phosphorylation in the hinge domain at Ser-350 by MAPK11 or MAPK14, Ser-346 by GSK3B and Ser-368 by autophosphorylation is required for interaction with YWHAB.
|Protein cellular localization|| |
Cytoplasm . Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton . Cell membrane . Cytoplasm, perinuclear region . Nucleus . Note: Translocated to plasma membrane in epithelial cells stimulated by HGF. Associated with the Golgi at the perinuclear site in pre-passage fibroblasts (By similarity). In passaging cells, translocated to the cell periphery (By similarity). Translocated to the nucleus in PMA-treated cells (By similarity).
Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) is one of the earliest events in a cascade that controls a variety of cellular responses, including secretion, gene expression, proliferation, and muscle contraction (1,2). PKC isoforms belong to three groups based on calcium dependency and activators. Classical PKCs are calcium-dependent via their C2 domains and are activated by phosphatidylserine (PS), diacylglycerol (DAG), and phorbol esters (TPA, PMA) through their cysteine-rich C1 domains. Both novel and atypical PKCs are calcium-independent, but only novel PKCs are activated by PS, DAG, and phorbol esters (3-5). Members of these three PKC groups contain a pseudo-substrate or autoinhibitory domain that binds to substrate-binding sites in the catalytic domain to prevent activation in the absence of cofactors or activators. Control of PKC activity is regulated through three distinct phosphorylation events. Phosphorylation occurs in vivo at Thr500 in the activation loop, at Thr641 through autophosphorylation, and at the carboxy-terminal hydrophobic site Ser660 (2). Atypical PKC isoforms lack hydrophobic region phosphorylation, which correlates with the presence of glutamic acid rather than the serine or threonine residues found in more typical PKC isoforms. The enzyme PDK1 or a close relative is responsible for PKC activation. A recent addition to the PKC superfamily is PKCu (PKD), which is regulated by DAG and TPA through its C1 domain. PKD is distinguished by the presence of a PH domain and by its unique substrate recognition and Golgi localization (6). PKC-related kinases (PRK) lack the C1 domain and do not respond to DAG or phorbol esters. Phosphatidylinositol lipids activate PRKs, and small Rho-family GTPases bind to the homology region 1 (HR1) to regulate PRK kinase activity (7).
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|Product type|| |
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